avoiding otherwise necessary and expensive hospital treatment due to mismanaged chronic conditions. Nations such as Switzerland 吴京儿子公开亮相 杨焕宁严重违纪

Insurance A recent study from the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development ranked developed nations based on life expectancies. Unfortunately, Americans don’t live the longest. Despite our technological advances in medicine and billions in health care spending, the average U.S. life expectancy is slightly over 78 years, one year under the OECD average. America ranks among the bottom half of the list. How could this be? One of the factors may be the lack of affordable health insurance available in this country. The U.S. is one of three countries within the index without some form of near-universal health care coverage; the others are Mexico and Turkey. While Democrats in Congress are attempting to pass healthcare reform to ameliorate the problem, their jettisoning of the public option in exchange for the votes needed to enact legislation. However, the rankings also point out that socialized healthcare is not a panacea: Great Britain’s spending on health care is above the OECD average, yet their rates of survival for heart disease and cancer are among the lowest. The American health care system did far better with cancer care, but single-payer systems in Canada and Japan were also successful in lowering the amount of cancer deaths. No one country was shown to be ideal in all areas. Still, America is tops in the amount of money spent on health care. In 2007, we spent 16% of our GDP–over $7,000–on health care per person, including both government and individual spending. However, our outcomes lagged behind other nations that spent closer to $3,000 per person. This spending grew 3.7% annually over the preceding decade, far higher than in other major countries in Western Europe. Other countries–such as formerly Soviet nations like Czech Republic and Poland–achieved similar results with far less cost per person. The results seem to give some credence to those accusing the American healthcare industry of wasting billions in funds that have little or no positive impact on health. Proponents of healthcare reform claim that those savings could instead be used for providing affordable health insurance that has been shown to improve health. People with affordable health insurance tend to utilize primary care services more often, avoiding otherwise necessary and expensive hospital treatment due to mismanaged chronic conditions. Nations such as Switzerland, the Netherlands, Italy, and Germany were praised for such care, while the United States was criticized for an increase in hospital stays for patients suffering from the complications of diabetes. The responsibility for declining life expectancies in the U.S. does not lie solely on health insurance providers. Over one-third of Americans are obese, a higher percentage than in other nations–that leads to more cases of diabetes, heart disease, high cholesterol, and other conditions dealt with via increasingly costly prescription medication. The U.S. is the biggest consumer of pharmaceuticals, with insurance companies spending $878 for person and passing the cost onto policyholders. This helps drive up health care costs and makes affordable health insurance less attainable for any system, public or private. Income inequality that presents barriers to healthcare also has an impact on infant mortality rates, which results in the United States having 6.7 deaths per 1,000 births; the OECD average was 3.9. So, which countries are doing something right? Spain and Japan have longer life expectancies relative to their wealth and level of healthcare spending. Maybe those nations have some aspects we can emulate. On the other hand, Hungary and Denmark are in the same boat, with life expectancies under the average of 79.1 years. About the Author: 相关的主题文章:

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